this


this
/ðɪs / (say dhis)

pronoun (demonstrative) (plural these)
1. (used to indicate a person, thing, idea, etc., as pointed out, present, or near, as before mentioned or supposed to be understood, as about to be mentioned, or by way of emphasis): this is right.
2. (used to indicate the one of two or more persons, things, etc., already mentioned, that is nearer in place, time, or thought.)
3. (used to indicate one of two or more persons, things, etc., already mentioned, implying contradistinction; opposed to that.)
adjective (demonstrative) (plural these)
4. (used to indicate a person, place, thing, idea, etc., as pointed out, present, or near, as before mentioned or supposed to be understood, or by way of emphasis): this point is important.
5. (used to indicate, of two or more persons, things, etc., already mentioned, the one nearer in place, time, or thought.)
6. (used to indicate one of two or more persons, things, etc., already mentioned, implying contradistinction (opposed to that).)
adverb
7. (used with adjectives and adverbs of quantity or extent to indicate precise degree or extent): this much.
phrase
8. this here …, (a jocular adoption of a non-standard form): you mean this here book?
9. this, that or the other, all manner of things of an inconsequential nature.
10. with this, hereupon; immediately after this.
{Middle English and Old English}
Usage: In rural Australian English and Aboriginal English there is a marked tendency to use this more frequently, especially in locutions where standard Australian English would use the or nothing, as in he had this long hair, or the water from this Hawkesbury River.

Australian English dictionary. 2014.